English Churches  - East Riding of Yorkshire

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds


Victorian meets Norman with one of the bet C19th painted interiors


Don’t be deceived by the simple, almost stark exterior of this Norman church. Inside every surface of the walls is covered with exquisite Pre-Raphaelite style wall paintings. It is a beautiful and jaw dropping experience.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

A church here was mentioned in the Domesday Book. In the C12th this was replaced by a larger stone building.  Only the tower and south wall survive from this building. In the C19th Sir Tatton Syles I of Sledmere House commissioned JL Pearson to rebuild the chancel in the Norman style on the old foundations. He also rebuilt the north wall of the nave and reconstructed the chancel arch. This has three small ‘Norman’ openings above, like in Kirkburn Church, presumably to reduce the weight of stone on the chancel arch.

Pearson was an inspired choice as he was a great believer in keeping as much of the original fabric as possible and that restoration should be sympathetic to the original design. He has succeeded brilliantly here as the old and the new form a seamless whole. The small doorway in the north wall of the chancel is a case in point.

The tall square Norman tower looks more like a castle keep than a church tower. At the base is a Norman doorway with chevron carving round the arches. Above is a very eroded statue of St Michael.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds   St
                Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

There is a splendid Norman south door with carved capitals and more chevron carving round the arches.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

Below the eaves is a corbel shelf with carved heads.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

Sir Tatton Sykes embarked on a lavish scheme of decoration inside, under the supervision of GE Street. He used Clayton and Bell to produce the wall paintings which cover every surface of the church and also the stained glass. These cost over £3000 and work together to produce a unified scheme telling the Bible stories. The paintings were restored in 1985 and still glow.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

Street was also responsible for the glazed Spanish tiles round the base of the walls and the elaborate font cover over a typical C19th style font.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

The wall paintings tell the Christian story from the Creation to the Last Judgement, with figures of old testament prophets, apostles and saints.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

The nave covers the Old Testament with the story of the creation.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

On the south wall of the nave are also paintings of the Labours of the Months, a popular Medieval cycle.

The chancel has paintings from the New Testament.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

Above the chancel arch is the Tree of Jesse with the Virgin Mary and the Christ Child at the top.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

On the West wall above the archway into the tower is Christ in Glory.
 
St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds 

The Norman window has images of John the Baptist and the baptism of Christ.

St Michael and All Angels,
                Garton-on-the-Wolds

There is a beautiful carved and painted screen separating nave and chancel.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

The stone reredos has a carving of the Crucifixion in the centre. On the left is the Annunciation and the baptism of Christ. On the right is the entombment and the Road to Emmaus, the first appearance of Jesus after he’d risen from the dead.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

And finally there is the painted ceiling with green and blue panels with small white flowers with red centres.

St Michael and All Angels, Garton-on-the-Wolds

This is an amazing church. It is best to visit on a sunny day when the paintings glow in the light. The church is open daily and there is parking on the road outside. The post code is YO25 3EX. The grid reference for the church is SE 982593

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