Classic Tour of Albania
An important Illyrian and Roman city
Byllis we headed to Apollonia. This was one of the most
important ancient Greek cities in Illyria with over 60,000
inhabitants and producing its own coins. It was also a
refuge for the local population in times of war. It was on
the River Vjosa and flourished as a trading centre until an
earthquake changed the course of the river. The city became
increasingly uninhabitable as the surrounding area became a
swamp. Trade moved to Vlora and the city was abandoned. In
the C13th a monastery was built on the site.
The city stands on a hill overlooking the fertile Muzeqeja Plain. It is preserved in exceptionally intact condition, although less than 8% of the site has been excavated. It is now part of a Archaeological Park.
The porticoed Bouleuterion, with its facade of six Corinthian columns dates from the C2nd AD and was restored in the 1960s. It is the most impressive building on the site and was the seat of the city council and administration centre.
To the right is a street lined with the ruins of shops.
On the opposite side of the Bouleuterion are the remains of a C2/3rd temple.
Beyond and facing the Bouleuterion are the remains of the Odeon, a small covered theatre seating about 650 spectators. Dating from the C2nd AD with brick side walls, it was used for musical shows, and poetry competition.
To the left is a small shrine which would have had two columns in front and a statue.
Beyond this is a long portico dating from the C3rd BC. Built against the hillside, this probably had a buttressing function. It would originally have been two storeys high, with a row of pillars down the centre and statues in the niches. It seems to have been a meeting place to discuss important issues of the day.
Beyond this is a cistern which had thick walls to help keep the water cool and may also have been used for storage.
Opposite are the remains of a Roman villa and small areas of mosaic floor are visible.
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