Springtime in Holland
Our next berthing place was Enkhuisenon the IJsselmeer and reached by the Krabbersgat Naviduct
Rheni left Zaandam after lunch and sailed past Amsterdam into the
Markermeer on the way to Enkhuisen, passing through the Krabbersgat
naviduct on the way.
A 30km long dyke separates the Markermeer and Ijsselmeer and the two are connected by the Krabbersgat naviduct, which has locks at either end. Previously difference in the water levels between the two caused by wind surge limited traffic between the two and caused long delays. Water levels between the two are now managed and a canal carries shipping over the dual carriage way road and cycle tracks between Enkhuisen and Lelystad. Built between 1995-2003 at a cost of €55 million, this is the first naviduct in the world. It has been so successful there are plans to replace other locks and road crossings with something similar.
In the C17th, Enkhuisen was one of the most important harbours in the Netherlands. It was an important fishing port as well as a base for the Dutch East India Company. It declined in importance during the C18th and early C19th as a result of wars with England, shifting sands making the harbour less accessible and the increasing importance of Amsterdam. It still has one of the largest marinas in the Netherlands with boats berthed near the station as well as along Oude Haven and Oosterhaven.
Sailing into the cruise ship berth, the entry to Oude Haven and Oosterhaven are guarded by the C16th Dromedaris Tower and a small lighthouse.
The Drommedaris was the southern gateway into the town and part of the town walls. The base contained cannons which guarded the harbour entrance. It was also a prison for a time. It is now a cultural centre. It still has its original C17th carillon which plays every quarter.
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