Romania - Mountains, Monasteries and Medieval Cities
Romania is a mix of serious mountains with rolling hills and flat plateaus. It is still very much an agricultural community.
is a land of mountains, rolling countryside and flat plateau. The
Carpathian mountains which form a semi-circle around Transylvania are
serious mountains with peaks over 2400m. The tops are bare rock with
snow in the gullies. The slopes are covered with forest which is home to
wolves and bears as well as smaller mammals. They are cut through by
deep river valleys.
In May, false acacia with its long pendulous white flowers, was in full bloom along the roadside.
Romania is still very much a rural agriculture community. The farms are in the villages which straggle along the edge of the road with the church at the centre. Many have a police station, even if they donít still have a shop.
There are few isolated farms until the high mountains where there is some summer settlement
The economy is based on small family farms. It is very much semi-subsistence farming. Many families are still dependent on the horse and cart for transport. Hay, particularly on the steep upper slopes or around the villages is still cut by hand. Men are seen working in the fields.
Traditionally houses were built of wood with a yard at the side, reached through large gates. Later, some of the houses were rendered with painted plaster. Traditionally blue paint was used as it was supposed to keep insects away.
Some of the later houses, especially in Bucovina, have very elaborate painted stucco.
The yards contain the farm buildings including the stable, sheds, hay barns and a kennel used by the dogs guarding the sheep. Many houses also have a summer kitchen. In winter the large wood burning stove in the house provides heat as well as being used for cooking. In the summer, it is too hot to use the stove in the house and all cooking is done in a separate building.
Although nearly all houses have electricity from HEP, 40% of the houses still do not have running water and are dependent upon well water.
Many of the houses have a bench outside, to sit and watch the world go by. Houses in the villages near Bucharest often have small stalls outside them selling home grown produce.
Storks are often found nesting on top of chimneys or telegraph poles. They are considered to bring good luck and many telegraph poles have wire baskets on the top to encourage the storks to nest.
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