Flavours of Spain

Guadix - Part 1

The town

Guadix is a large town to the north of Lanjaron in the Sierra Nevada. Built on a rich fertile plain at just over 900m, it is surrounded by mud cliffs riddled with cave houses. 


Set on a pass between Granada and Andalucia, it is one of the oldest settlements in Spain, being settled since Roman times. Part of the Roman remains can be seen near the cathedral. From the beginning of the C8th, it  was an important Moorish settlement guarded by its Alcazaba. This was abandoned at the end of the C15th after the Catholic conquest of Spain. The Moors were forced to leave the city and the Catholic cathedral was built on the site of the mosque.

It is an attractive town, dominated by the Cathedral, a splendid red sandstone building. 

Guadix cathedral

The Plaza de la Constitucion near the Cathedral would originally have been the Moorish market, full of stalls as well as workshops and warehouses. It became the main administrative area of the Catholic town with the town hall and goal and governorís house. Reached through a grand archway, it is now an attractive square with an arcade giving covered access to the many cafes and small shops.




Buildings in the centre of the town are large, often with splendid doorways.

Guadix   Guadix

Guadix has an extreme climate with very cold winter and very hot summer temperatures. Since the C16th, many of the inhabitants have chosen to live in cave houses. These maintain an average temperature of between 18-21˚C. The main cave area is located above the town in Barrio de las Cuevas, and can be reached by the Tourist Tonka Train. There are still over 2000 inhabited caves dug out of the surrounding landscape and recognisable by their characteristic chimneys.


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