Uzerche's history as a fortified town began in the late Roman period.
It remained an important citadel and ecclesiastical centre throughout the Merovingian and Carolingian periods.
A Benedictine abbey was founded in the 9th century. In the 11th century a major Romanesque abbey church was constructed at the summit of the town.
With some Gothic additions, this constitutes the abbatiale Saint-Pierre or Abbey Church of St Peter, which commands all views of the town to this day.

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